Reunion Population Pyramid Saint-Denis is the administrative capital of Réunion, and the most populous commune among all French overseas departments with a population of 150,000. [Réunion is a French island with a population of 840,974 inhabitants located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, about 200 kilometres southwest of Mauritius, the nearest island. Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated. This article concerns the demography of Réunion. Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. The Population of Réunion (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. About 860,000 people live on Réunion. 1810-15 - During the Napoleonic Wars, the island is lost to the British, who introduce sugarcane plantations. (includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.). This means roughly as many people live on this island as on the islands of the independent country of the Comoros nearby. Réunion, previously Île Bourbon, is a French island with a population of about 800,000 located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) south west of Mauritius, the nearest island. Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. Official Name Reunion, (an overseas department of France 2. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. Measuring System Metric 11. The distance between New York City and the Capital Much of the population lives near or below poverty line. Since the first settlement of the island, people from different continents came, or were forced to come to Reunion Island and start a new life. The predominant religion is Roman Catholicism with Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism also represented, among others. It is the undisputable star of Reunion Island, and one of the most active volcanoes on the planet. People of Réunion are Réunionese. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Reunion is one of the overseas department of France. Population 839,500 3. Reunion Island is at the heart of the Indian Ocean, in the Mascarenes Islands. [14], United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics", World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, "Estimation de population par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge - Années 1975 à 2019", http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm#2001, "Admixture and Sexual Bias in the Population Settlement of La Réunion Island (Indian Ocean)", French overseas departments and territories, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Réunion&oldid=996367970, Articles to be expanded from October 2020, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Capital City Saint-Denis (147,800) 4. Réunion is also home to mountains, forests, calderas, waterfalls, and, of course, miles of beaches. Réunion: an island with a world of riches which will open its arms to you! Reunion is a French island located with a population of about 800,000 in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, about 200 kilometers (120 miles) southwest of Mauritius, the nearest island. Local names for these are used: Yabs, Cafres, Malbars and Zarabes (both ethnic groups of Indian origin) and Chinois. Reunion Island has a population of just over 800 000 people is a multicultural society with people from a variety of religions. Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). The archipelago, comprised of Mauritius, Rodrigues and Réunion, was christened the Mascarenes by Portuguese navigator Pedro de Mascarenhas, following its European discovery in 1512. The island's community of Muslims from modern region of Pakistan and North India and elsewhere is also commonly referred to as Zarabes. The predominant religion is Roman Catholic Christianity. [14], For paternal (Y-chromosome) DNA, the haplogroups are European/Middle Eastern (85%) or East Asian (15%). The European lineages are R1b and I, the Middle Eastern one E1b1b1c (formerly E3b3) (also found in Northeast Africa), and the East Asian ones are R1a (found in many parts of the world including Europe and Central and Southern Asia but the particular sequence has been found in Asia) and O3. It is the second largest export sector in La Réunion and generates 300 direct jobs and between 4 and 5 times more indirect jobs. Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Electricity 220V - 50Hz 5. Some of them came from Europe, others came from Africa, and yet others came from India and China. 1794 - Island comes under the French crown and is renamed Reunion. Ethnic groups present include people of European, African, Malagasy, Indians and Chinese origin as well as many of mixed race. This rocky, French-governed island off the coast of East Africa is easily explored by Les Cars Jaunes, yellow buses that link main settlements. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is difficult to categorize the population by ethnic background, but estimates indicate that approximately twenty percent of the population is of Indian ancestry, and around five percent is born in mainland France. The net migration rate was zero in 2000. Réunion is a world in its own right, no other island of its size offers as many attractions and surprises. During 2020 Reunion population is projected to increase by 6,468 people and reach 898,605 in the beginning of 2021. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. The Indian lineages are M2, M6 and U2i, the East Asian ones are E1, D5a, M7c, and F (E1 and M7c also found only in South East Asia and in Madagascar), the European/Middle Eastern ones are U2e, T1, J, H, and I, and the African ones are L1b1, L2a1, L3b, and L3e1. Tamil is taught as optional language in some schools. The island was previously known as île Bourbon. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used. The population of Reunion Island hails from different cultures. People of Tamil origin make up the majority of the Indo-Réunionnais people; Gujarati, Bihari and other origins form the remainder of the population. This shield volcano resembles the similar volcanic nature and climate with the ones on Hawaiian volcanoes. The country consists of only one island. Local names for these are used: Yabs, Cafres, Malbars and Zarabes (both ethnic groups of Indian origin) and Chinois. This enchanting destination is blessed with a tropical climate and beautiful volcanic landscapes. Nov 13, 2016 - Chameleon. Groups that are not creole include people from Metropolitan France (known as Zoreilles) and those from Mayotte and the Comoros. A scientist tags a shark near La Réunion, as part of a three-year effort to identify why sharks near this island are more likely to attack humans than in neighboring places. 6. Religions Catholic, Hindu, Muslim 10. Reunion Island was created several million years ago due to volcanic activity, and the landscapes there are just as unique as they are varied. Tourism is now an important source of income. Creoles (a name given to those born on the island, of various ethnic origins), make up the majority of the population. Réunion (French: La Réunion [la ʁe.y.njɔ̃] (listen); previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of the French Republic and an Indian Ocean island in East Africa, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius. The following table describes age structure and sex ratios in Réunion. The proportion of people of each ethnicity is not known exactly, since the 1958 constitution bans questions about ethnicity in compulsory censuses in France. The language in common use on the island is Réunion French Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. Whites are estimated to make up approximately one-quarter of the population, Indians also roughly a quarter, and people of Chinese ancestry to form roughly 3%. Reunion has no direct neighbours. The official language is French, and Réunionese Creole is widely spoken. For maternal (mitochondrial) DNA, the haplogroups are Indian (44%), East Asian (27%), European/Middle Eastern (19%) or African (10%). The eastern end of Reunion Island features Piton de la Fournaise. Saint-Denis, the capital and largest urban area on the island, contains about one-fifth of the total population. The land has a total area of 2,512 km² and a total coastline of 207 km. The length is measured at 39 miles or 63 km. But it hasn't always been known as a tourist destination. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. It has the width of 28 miles or 45 km. This area is about 1.9 times the size of Los Angeles. Reunion is an island state in the south of the Indian Ocean, about 700 km east of Madagascar. Nearby Saint-Marie has a population of around 40,000. Both Sunni and Shi’ite Islam are followed on Reunion Island, although the majority are Sunni followers. National Day 14 July; Bastille Day 9. As of 2018, estimates put the population of Réunion at 882,526, with a growth rate of 1.63%. Structure of the population (01.01.2010) (Provisional estimates) : At birth, life expectancy is 76.5 years for male children, and 82.9 for female (figures for 2011).[7]. And compared to the smaller country of Mauritius, the population of Mauritius is much larger than that of Reunion. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 9,118. In 1999, the population was over 717,000. As of January 2020, it had a population of 859,959. Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). A land with a thousand faces, the population of Reunion Island is a singularly rich blend that is reflected in religion, culture and art, and cuisine. One can hear it in any administration or office, but education is only in French.[8]. Area of departement of La Réunion is 2 503,72 km ². 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