2011). • Antimicrobial (34) Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Extracts from the Bulbils of Dioscorea bulbifera L. var sativa (Dioscoreaceae) in Mice and Rats / M Mbiantcha, A Kamanyi, R B Teponno et al / Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol 2011 (2011) / doi:10.1155/2011/912935 (39) 1033 1753 . Ratalu is a … Validation of the Immunomodultory Potential of Amarkand Species / A. N. Narkhede, P. S. Nirmal, B. E. Nagarkar, E. A. Singh, A. M. Harsulkar and S. D. Jagtap / Indian J Pharm Sci, 2017;7 9(6): pp 965-973 Stems are terete, bearing numerous little tubers. D bulbifera showed significant inhibition with porcine pancreatic amylase and crude murine glucosidase as well as pure a-glucosidase. Some varieties are edible and cultivated as a food crop while others are poisonous. (see study below) (33) A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests. 2010 Apr;4(2):79-85. Dioscorea hofika Jum. Dominant Flower Color. Preliminary Phytochemical Analysis of Dioscorea bulbifera L. / Parashar Preeti, Solanki C.M / International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Oct 2016; 5(10) Tuber powder taken for 5-6 days once daily after menses as contraceptive. Fred Nation, Weeks Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Bugwood.org -    bug_9005054, James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_9005052. (10) Dioscorea violacea Baudon. Phytochemistry and Therapeutic Potential of Medicinal Plant: Dioscorea bulbifera / Sougata Ghosh, Vijay Singh Parihar, Piyush More, Dilip D Dhavale and Balu A Chopada / Medical Chemistry, 2015; 5(4) / DOI:  10.4172/2161-0444.1000259 • Metabolism of Diterpenoid Lactones / Tubers: Diterpenoid lactones have been reported to be the main hepatotoxic constituents in D. bulbifera tubers. Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control. Yam is the common name of some species in the genus dioscorea, they are perennial herbacocous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in African, Asia, Latin America etc. - In a comparative analysis of phytochemical and nutritional compositions of four species of Dioscorea, D. bulbifera had the highest levels of alkaloid (0.64 ± 0.01 mg/100g), tannin (0.54 mg/100g), saponin (0.58 mg/100g), oxalate (0.75 ± 0.01 mg/100g), ash (5.49 ± 0.04%), crude fiber (3.45 ± 0.01%), crude protein (5.86%), vitamin B1 (0.042 mg/100g), vitamin B3 (0.037 mg/100g), and vitamin C (0.63 ± 0.02 mg/100g), calcium (378.52 ± 0.10 mg/100g), magnesium (128.73 ± 0.04 mg/100g), sodium (87.80 ± 0.10 mg/100g), iron (3.14 ± 0.02 mg/100g) and zinc (2.79 ± 0.01 mg/100g). This vine can be found climbing over vegetation in creeks on both campuses. L. Dioscoreaceae + Synonyms. Distribution • Antidiabetic Activity: A preliminary study has shown antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activity of D. bulbifera on Wistar rats. (26) Dioscorea bulbitera is one of the various species of yam. suavia Prain & Burkill (synonym) Dioscorea bulbifera var. (4) Results showed significant dose dependent inhibition of the different models of pain used. White yam Specimen preparation Leaf segments with an area of 1 cm2 were cut from the leaves of six species of Dioscorea (Table 1). Dioscorea bulbifera Wikipedia. Search results for scientific names (genus: Dioscorea, species: bulbifera) Records found: 10 (1 species, 9 infraspecific taxa) Records per page: Export search results | New search. Aerial tubers should be thoroughly to destroy toxic alkaloid. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. In Brazil and Java, used as remedy for diarrhea and dysentery. 1 October 2016 Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry 1 Methods Contribution No. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. Dabur Chyawanprash is a time-tested Ayurvedic formulation of more than 41 Ayurvedic herbs that aid in boosting the immune system, thereby protecting the body from everyday infections like cough & cold etc. D. asteriscus is confined to the eastern side of Africa, where it has been collected more frequently than has D. bulbifera. Norclerodane diterpenoids from rhizomes of Dioscorea bulbifera / Hai Liu, Gui-Xin Chou et al / Phytochemistry, Vol 71, Issue 10, July 2010, Pages 1174-1180 / doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.04.002 (17) Study evaluated the antidiabetic effect of an ethanolic extract of D. bulbifera tuber on alloxan induced diabetic rats. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Stand!. Common names are from state and federal lists. In colder locations they can be grown as an annual, saving some of the aerial tubers for replanting each year. Bulbils used to relieve sore throat. Names of Air Potato in various languages of the world are also given. Sosef, M.S.M. A convulsant alkaloid of Dioscorea dumetorum. Albendazole was used as standard reference. If you would like to apply for membership, please visit the membership page. PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA TUBER / DAHIYA P / Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinica Research, 2017; 10(12): pp 317-319 A total of 40 compounds were detected and characterized. (35) 1997; Overholt et al. • Phenolic Compounds / Antioxidant / Rhizomes: Study of rhizomes of D. bulbifera isolated one new bibenzyl (7), one new diarylheptanone, diobulbinone A (18), along with 16 known compounds, (1-6 and 8-17). - Tubers reported to contain a poisonous glucoside. Dioscorrea tamifolia Salisb. Petioles about 2-12 cm long, thickened, twisted and curved near the base. Known to cause headaches, menstrual irregularities & acne. How Air Potato is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Kannada name – Heggenasu, kuntu genius. Capsules are longer than broad. Pronunciation of Dioscorea bulbifera with 2 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms, 1 meaning and more for Dioscorea bulbifera. / Tubers: Study evaluated extracts of D. bulbifera for antimicrobial efficiency against MDR (multidrug resistant) clinical isolates. Protective role of air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) of yam family in myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury / Hannah Rachel Vasanthi, Subhendu Mukherjee et al / Food Funct., 2010, 1, 278–283 • Effect of Steam Blanching and Sulphiting on Antidiabetic Potential of Aerial Yam: Study evaluated the effect of processing (sulphiting and steam blanching) of aerial yam (D. bulbifera) amala flour on hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effect on alloxan induced diabetic rats. (39) Data Source and References for Dioscorea bulbifera (air yam) from the USDA PLANTS database : Name Search: name search type enter a search name. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds. Tamil name – Pannu Pilangu; Telugu name – Nela dump It creates tubers; however the bulbils which grow in the base of its ]]leaf|leaves]] are the more essential food product. Tubers are rounded, not larger than a man's fist. Morphological characteristics. Studies on liver-toxicity in rhigoma of Dioscorea bulbifera / Xing-Qi Tan, Jin-Lan Ruan et al / Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi China journal of Chinese materia medica (2003), Vol 28, Issue: 7, Pages: 661-663 / PubMed ID: 15139116/ Flower colour; life form. Results. • Antioxidant: Study evaluated the antioxidant activity of D. bulbifera. (42) Dray Jr., Paul D. Pratt USDA ARS, Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, 3225 College Avenue, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314, USA Possible mechanism of action of D. bulbifera hypoglycemmic action may be via promotion of regeneration of ß-cells or protection of these cells from destruction. There was significant (p<0.05) reduction of spontaneous motor activity and prolonged phenobarbitone induced hypnosis in mice. DOI: 10.2174/138920110793262033. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 239891 ) with original publication details: Sp. Dioscorea bulbifera. Botanical name- Dioscorea bulbifera . Air potato, Dioscorea bulbifera, is an invasive plant not native to Florida but whose present-day distribution includes most of … The genus Dioscorea L. in Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas - a census Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 30: 555-563. Ébano real Eryttiroxylaceae 13S Erythroxylum confusum Britton' 13s Erythroxylum havanense Jacq. (14) Pl. Dioscorea bulbifera, Air Yam, Air Potato. Tattva's Herbs LLC 9634 Roosevelt Way NE Seattle, WA 98115 Retail Store Hours: 10am-4pm M-F email: info@tattvasherbs.com phone: 877-828-8824 Genomic variation and relationships in aerial yam (Dioscorea bulbifera L.) detected by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Growth Habit. Ecological host-range of Lilioceris cheni (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of Dioscorea bulbifera Ellen C. Lake⇑, Melissa C. Smith, F.A. (32) The compound biosbulbin B was the major antitumor compound of D. bulbifera. The air potato plant (Dioscorea bulbifera) is an exotic vine from Asia that was introduced to Florida about 115 years ago to make medicine. Flowers rarely, with fragrant spikes to 4" long hanging from leaf axils, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control. It was a planted one. • Liver Toxicity Studies: Study to evaluate the liver-toxic fraction in Rhigoma of Dioscorea bulbifera is rats showed significant liver toxicity. Discovery of Hepatotoxic Equivalent Combinatorial Markers from Dioscorea bulbifera tuber by Fingerprint-Toxicity Relationship Modeling / & Huijun Li / Scientific Reports, 2018; Vol 8, Article number: 462 Parts used In Zimbabwe, infusions applied to cuts and sores. They were cut and … Hindi name – Suralu, Zami kanda, Gaithi, Genthi. Results showed excelled activity against MDR microbial cultures tested. Chemical constituents from tubers of Dioscorea bulbifera / Gang Wang, Binbin Lin, Jinsong Li et al / Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi China journal of Chinese materia medica, 2009; ... Genus name honors Pedanios Dioscorides, … Huang yao zu. Dioscorea heterophylla Roxb. / Biosci Trends. PharmTech Res.2009,1(1) The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. - Also occurs in India to China and Malaya. Possible reasons for toxicity include toxic effects of diosbulbin B and D on hepatocytes, inhibition of antioxidant enzymes in liver mitochondria, and inhibition of enzymes that metabolize the herb's components. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera L., Dioscoreaceae) is a herbaceous, perennial twining vine that attains lengths of 20 m or more, rendering it capable of climbing over and smothering native vegetation (Schmitz et al. Dioscorea bulbifera L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). Dioscorea perrieri R.Knuth Dioscorea bulbifera (commonly known as the air potato , air yam , aerial yam , bitter yam , cheeky yam , potato yam [2] and parsnip yam [3] ) … Tropical Asia. Scientific Name Dioscorea bulbifera ← → Other Common Names: air potato. (33) vera Prain & Burkill Dioscorea crispata Roxb. • Anti-Hypernociceptive / Bulbils: Study evaluated the antinociceptive effects from extracts of bulbils of Dioscorea bulbifera in one model of chronic inflammatory and neuropathic models of pain in mice. First Name * Surname * Membership Number * Email * * Indicates Required Field . (37) List of various diseases cured by Air Potato. Aerial Yam. (31) Dioscorea bulbifera, the air potato, can be found in both Africa and Asia along with moderate differences in between those found in the two places. Synergistic compatibility detoxification may help reduce toxic effects. Multiple components of alpha-amylase in germinating tubers of a yam, Dioscorea dumetorum. Air potato was introduc… (3) About 5-7 veins, including the midrib, radiate from the base of the leaf blade. The anticancer effects were related to direct toxicity on tumor cells. 1948-. They are perennial in regions where the ground soil doesn't freeze during the winter. (11) - Tuber extract is rich in flavonoid, phenolics, reducing sugars, starch, diosgenin, ascorbic acid, and citric acid. Dioscorea tunga. Dioscorea bulbifera – plant in flowering. Winged yam grows to 30 feet, roughly half the length of the invasive … • Myocardial Protective Effect: Study of hydroalcoholic extract showed D. bulbifera could ameliorate myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury by improving ventricular function and inhibition of cardiomyocyte necrosis and apoptosis. Determination of Diosbulbin B in Dioscorea bulbifera L. by HPLC / Wy=u Lin-song et al / Anhui Medical and Pharmaceutical Journal, 2011-01 Dioscorea alata or winged yam can easily be mistaken for air potato, D. bulbifera. Dabur Chyawanprash for Immunity. Dioscorea bulbifera L. is an accepted name. - In Chinese medicine, used to treat diseases of the lungs, kidney, spleen and many types of diarrhea. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Ethanolic extracts of tuber were screening for enzymation and nonenzymatic antioxidant activity. Botany Subject: Creeping Dioscorea bulbifera - common name Air Potato Methods: The sequence of 276 images were collected at 8-10 min intervals over a 38 hour period with a … - Considered inedible by some because of bitterness and fibrous coarseness. Dioscorea bulbifera will produce well in sun or light shade. The peel was more potent at 100 mg/ml, in measures of time of paralysis and death. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. Anti-hypernociceptive properties of extract from the Bulbils of Dioscorea bulbifera L. var sativa (Dioscoreaceae) in persistent inflammatory and neuropathic models of pain in mice / M. Mblantcha / The Journal of Pain, April 2011; 12(4), Supplement / DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2011.02.140 Familia: Dioscoreaceae Genus: Dioscorea Species: Dioscorea bulbifera Name []. • Anticancer: Anticancer screen carried out in vivo with HepA in mice showed active anticancer compounds from the hydrophobic constituents of D. bulbifera. - Fingerprinting of DBT extracts by UHPLC yielded ten common peaks accounting for 80^ of overall peak areas, and identified as: epigallocatechin (1), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-galactoside (2), catechin dimers (3), catechin (4), catechin dimers (5), epicatechin (6), 9,10-dihydro-2,3,5,7-phenanthrenetetraol (7), caryatin (8), diosbulbin B (DIOB) (9), 8-epidiosbulbin E acetate (EEA) (10).  (see study below) (27) The DBE exhibited central nervous depressant action in general behavioral tests. Also Known As: air potato. / Wang J, Ji L, Liu H, Wang Z / Biosci Trends. It is closely related to air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). Kannada name – Heggenasu, kuntu genius. The plant forms bulbils in the leaf axils • Antioxidant / Tuber: Study evaluated the antioxidant activity of D. bulifera. Leaves. Dioscorea bulbifera wikipedia center for aquatic and invasive plants university of florida ifas {dioscoreaceae} air potato images useful tropical . J. of Pharm. (27) (28) Yellow yam Dioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax Bitter yam Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) The aerial tuber (from where the name ‘air potato’ is derived) serves as the main storage organ of D. bulbi-fera [13, 14]. (13) - Local people of Similipal Biosphere Reserve in India use tubers to relieve intestinal colic, dysmenorrhea, spasmodic asthma, inflammation, menopausal problem, labor pain, and prevention of early miscarriage. Gujarati name – Dukar kanda, Dukkar Kand, Suvariya, Dukkar Kand. Dioscorea bulbifera is a vigorously twining, long-stemmed perennial vine with non-spiny stems to 20 m or more in length, freely branching above; internodes round or slightly angled in cross section and they twine counter-clockwise. some showed different inhibitory activities against tumor promotion of JB6 (CI22 and CI41) cells. The plant is native to Africa, southern Asia, Maldives, and northern Australia. Covered with large leaves, it can quickly grow into the tops of tall trees. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. (25) List of various diseases cured by Air Potato. (2006). View abstract. 2008, Figure 1). Botanical name- Dioscorea bulbifera, Common name- Air potato/ Varahi ( … Dioscorea bulbifera var. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACY & LIFE SCIENCES Screening of antioxidant potentials in Dioscorea bulbifera / M. Suriyavathana and S. Indupriya / INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACY & LIFE SCIENCES, IJ6PLS, April 2011; 2(4): pp 661-664 Studies Wound Healing Activity of Dioscorea bulbifera Linn, Chemical constituents from tubers of Dioscorea bulbifera, Norclerodane diterpenoids from rhizomes of Dioscorea bulbifera, Protective role of air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) of yam family in myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury, Investigation of anthelmintic potential of some plants claimed by tribals of satpuda hills, Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Extracts from the Bulbils of Dioscorea bulbifera L. var sativa (Dioscoreaceae) in Mice and Rats, Antidiabetic Activity of Gnidia glauca and Dioscorea bulbifera: Potent Amylase and Glucosidase Inhibitors, Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Dioscorea bulbifera tuber extract and evaluation of its synergistic potential in combination with antimicrobial agents, Phytochemistry and Therapeutic Potential of Medicinal Plant: Dioscorea bulbifera,  spp. : genus: Dioscorea: species DESCRIPTION potential which may be the major Antitumor compound of D. bulbifera species.. 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