Least Tern are widespread and common in places, but its favored nesting habitat is prized for human recreation, residential development, and alteration by water diversion, which interfere with successful nesting in many areas. A Species of Greatest Conservation Need in the Massachusetts State Wildlife Action Plan . Development along the Missouri River has disrupted the living space of the least tern (literally the smallest of the tern family), and altered the fish population, affecting the bird’s diet. This was caused by changes to river systems from dams, dikes, reservoirs and water diversions, which eliminated most historic least tern nesting habitat. Sterna antillarum browni. The least tern is the smallest tern in America, gray above and white below. The least tern is the smallest of the North . Status: State: Endangered . Least terns are listed as a Species of Management Concern on the East Coast by the U.S. Solution for The ENDANGERED ANIMAL is CA least tern and its a bird 1. The second smallest species of tern (only 9 inches long when fully grown), this bird was one of the first species to receive federal protections after the Endangered Species Act was passed in 1973. After 34 years on the endangered species list, a tiny Midwestern bird is ready to fly free of federal protection. American terns (about 9 in. Least Tern is a broadly distributed species of coastal flats and river sandbars. Three of these subspecies inhabit the United States. “You may be fined up to $100,000.” “You may be fined up to $100,000.” Most tern species are declining in numbers due to the loss or disturbance of breeding habitat, pollution and increased predation. The Least Tern is a small species of tern that lives in the Americas. The Least tern, as its name suggests, is the smallest of the Americas’ terns. They hunt by hovering on the wing until prey is found. Some tern subspecies are endangered, including the California least tern and the Easter Island race of the grey noddy. It has lost nesting habitat and declined in numbers throughout its range. My name is Ella Cortner and my partners name is Terance Oldham, we made this website to inform the world on the endangered least tern.The least tern weighs around 1.1-1.6 oz, its wingspan is from 18.9-20.9 in., and its length is usually from 8.3-9.1 in. Populations along the East and West coasts are not endangered. A Little About Myself and the least tern. The birds have been listed as federally endangered since 1970, and have had annual population surveys conducted since 1974. Most breed in parts of North America; they are migratory and spend the winter in southern North America, Central America, and northern South America. The number of colonies has jumped from 48 to 480, said the U.S. In that first year only 582 breeding pairs were found. They were listed as Maine’s first endangered species in 1982. The species nests in the open near water, both coastally and along major inland rivers. We now think the tern should be listed as "threatened." Management & Outlook. They will fly along the shallow waters of an estuary or lagoon and search for fish. More than 500 acres – including the area used by the terns – will be preserved as a wildlife reserve. and gray upper body, wings and forked . The Least Tern is a sleek little shorebird related to gulls (Family Laridae). “The Endangered Species Act works, and now the Interior Least Tern could join the Bald Eagle, Brown Pelican and Peregrine Falcon as birds to have recovered thanks to that law’s protections,” said Kristal Stoner, executive director of Audubon Nebraska. Basic Species Information STATUS. The U.S. Identification . terns that also inhabit New Jersey’s coastal . The tail is short and deeply forked. California Least Tern. black-capped tern with white underparts . To successfully rear their young, the birds need sandy areas that are protected and cleared of debris and weeds. R. Basin), Atlantic Gulf Coasts. The western population, the California least tern, was listed as an endangered species in 1972 with a population of about 600 pairs. Species Description Visual description, size, reproduction, lifespan, unique behaviors The aptly named Least Tern—it’s really small—has been bedeviled for decades by habitat degradation. The Naval Air Station has plenty of gravel runway shoulders, which the least terns love to nest on! listing_process.pdf Endangered. As recently as 1985, the breeding population for all Least Tern nesting sites in the entire United States had dropped as low as 3,000 pairs. Groups of them often hover near the surface of the water with their quick, flickering wing beats, catching small fish and invertebrates. The California Least Tern is an endangered migratory shorebird that typically nests in coastal dunes from northern Baja California to San Francisco Bay in April. Least Tern Fact Sheet – p. 2 . Every spring, least terns migrate south and arrive at the Naval Air Station near Key West, Florida. The Least Tern is endangered in California by George Seymore California Department of Fish and Game As their name would suggest, Least Terns are among the smallest of the 19 species of terns in the world. Federal: Not listed . Populations of this species are listed as threatened under the State of Connecticut Endangered Species Act. The head is white with a black cap and nape and a white forehead. Conservationists are attempting to create artificial tern habitats and to maintain the area in a way beneficial to their needs. The interior population of least tern was listed as endangered in 1985. Changing water levels, direct disturbance by humans, and development have diminished breeding populations. Least Terns eat a diet of mostly fish. Invasive vegetation and predators, such as raccoons and larger birds, threaten Least Tern colonies. Fish & Wildlife Service. They also plunge-dive, as do other terns, hovering above their prey and then suddenly dropping into the sea. Least Terns breed in sparsely vegetated open sand, gravel, or cobble beaches frequently adjacent to sand dunes (Degraaf and Yamasaki, 2001). Fun Facts: The oldest known Least Tern in the wild was 24 years old. Least Tern, Sternula antillarum. Pacific and interior populations of least terns are federally endangered. That fence protects one of the last remaining patches of sand dune where the endangered California least tern can nest and nurture its chicks. The outermost primaries are black, the bill is yellow-orange with a black tip, and the legs are yellow. There may be as few as 100 breeding pairs left in the state. The transfer includes the former airstrip that was adopted by Least Terns for nesting in the 1970s and that has become the most productive breeding site in California for that species. The interior least tern was federally listed as endangered in 1985. Riensche, a wildlife biologist with East Bay Regional Park District, studies these birds, a subspecies of the least tern found only along the California coast and northern Mexico’s Baja California. Their diet consists of small fish which they grab using a dive technique. Least Tern chick, adult with fish, and resting adult, next to tile used for shelter, June 2014. When the Interior least tern was listed as endangered in 1985, the identified threats (factors) influencing its status were the modification and loss of habitat and curtailment of range (Factor A), predation and disturbance of local colonies (Factor C), and the inadequacy of State or Federal mechanisms to protect its habitat at that time (Factor D). The interior population, which once inhabited all the major river systems in the middle of the country, evolved to take advantage of constantly changing rivers and fish concentrated in pools by retreating summer flows. tail. The California Least Tern (Sternula antillarum browni) is an endangered species of migratory seabird that nests along the coasts of California through Baja every April through mid-September. The Least Tern (Sternula antillarum), commonly found throughout sandy beaches in the Southern United States is the smallest of the Tern family. This can be a problem on hot sunny days if there is exposed tar that can literally burn the feet of chicks or entrap them. Once diminished by hunting for feathers for hats and hurt by the damming of major rivers like the Missouri, the interior least tern population has increased tenfold since 1985, to more than 18,000. The California Least Tern is one of the twelve recognized subspecies of the Least (or “little”) Tern. Thanks to the least tern's speckled eggs and light-colored bodies, this environment helps them hide from predators. A state management plan was written for least terns in Maine in 1993 and revised in 2007. This species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. in length), a . The Least Tern (Sterna antillarum) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "birds" and found in the following area(s): Bahamas, Central America (winters), Greater and Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Northern South America, USA (California, including the Miss. Before being protected as endangered in 1985, the number of interior least terns had plummeted below 2,000 birds. Fish and Wildlife Service (1985) as endangered, except within 80 km of the coast. Utilizing great partnerships with everyone asserting a diligent effort, the Interior Least Tern was proposed for delisting from the Endangered Species List in October 2019. Late-summer juveniles are brownish above with dark Vs on the back and have dark eye patches. “If you cause a least tern nest to die, that is considered taken under the Endangered Species Act,” Brunjes said. Please allow the Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program to continue to conserve the biodiversity of Massachusetts with a contribution for The interior least tern was federally listed as endangered on June 27, 1985, primarily due to the loss of nesting habitat as a result of dramatic alterations (channelization and impoundment) of important river systems; however, a recently completed five-year review recommends delisting least terns due to recovery. The interior subspecies of Least Tern (Sterna antillarum athalassos) is listed by the U.S. Least Terns prefer to nest on sandy beaches, but will sometimes use flat gravel roofs. While the bird is still protected by state and federal regulations, the beaches of Harrison County have been a popular Least Tern destination in recent years; volunteers identified sixteen colonies in 2016. Once spotted, they will dive, wings swept back and grab the fish in their beaks. 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