History of Honduras Honduras has been inhabited for centuries by various native tribes. [76] There is an average of 107 rainy days in the year, June and September usually the wettest months. [39] Heavily congested roadways where road infrastructure is unable to efficiently handle over 400,000 vehicles create havoc on a daily basis. Are you looking for more answers, or do you have a question for other crossword enthusiasts? There are 1,235 public schools in the Central District broken down as 488 preschools, 563 elementary schools, and 184 middle and high schools. [61], On October 30, 1998, Hurricane Mitch devastated the capital, along with the rest of Honduras. [151] All districts are part of the Departmental Directorate of Education (Dirección Departamental de Educación), which in turn is a part of the country's Secretary of Education.[152]. Major changes in public policy and funding of major city projects usually reach the Office of the President prior to approval by the District's local government. [106], In 2009, there were 246 motor vehicle-related deaths, of which 52 percent were pedestrians, including bicyclists; 39 percent were caused by private vehicle and 12 percent by public transportation vehicle. Being sister cities, Comayagüela and Teguz are physically divided by the Choluteca River. Taxis are the quickest way to move around the city after personal auto transportation. [56] A more likely theory is that the change took place because President Soto was an important partner of the Rosario Mining Company, an American silver mining company, whose operations were based in San Juancito, close to Tegucigalpa, and he needed to be close to his personal interests.[57]. The weather in Honduras is strikingly different depending on location. While the city administration divides the capital into barrios and colonias, the fact that there are hundreds of them makes it difficult to define the city's different regions, especially for those not familiar with the Central District. Hundred, in Honduras. Tegucigalpa also has an industrial park. [107], Today, they are many religious groups in Tegucigalpa including a Jewish community, Jehovah's Witnesses and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints that is building a new temple in the city. Columbus explored the country in 1502. Travel Warnings Issued by “Friendly” Governments are Biased Yes, I figure you are saying that you should consider the travel warnings issued by friendly governments. In recent years, this western side of the capital has seen some growth and improvement such as the opening of Metromall near the airport. During the 1980s, several avenues, traffic overpasses, and large buildings were erected, a relative novelty to a city characterized until then by two-story buildings. For 2011, the Secretary of Security designated L.2.162 billion (US$114.283 million) to law enforcement and criminal investigation in the Central District. These include: the Marriott Hotel, Clarion Hotel, Hotel El Centenario, Intercontinental, Honduras Maya, Plaza Del Libertador, Plaza San Martín, Hotel Alameda, and Excelsior Hotel and Casino.[87][88]. It operates seven police districts throughout the metropolitan area. [97] 90 percent of the city-dwellers are predominantly mestizos with a small White-Hispanic minority. Derr, Mary; Malur, Anshuman; Mejía, James; Nuka, Pallavi; Perlin, Micah; Sahai, Sanjiv; Tucked into a valley and bisected by a river, Tegucigalpa is prone to flooding during the rainy season, as experienced to the fullest during Hurricane Mitch and to a lesser degree every year during the rainy season. Tegucigalpa has been one of the Answers for CAPITAL OF HONDURAS crossword clue. The storm remained over Honduran territory for five days, dumping heavy rainfall late in the rainy season. mi. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... 39 of the Most Challenging World Capitals Across History. [49] The first mayor of Tegucigalpa was Juan de la Cueva, who took office in 1579. You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer. The Central District Municipal Government (Alcaldía Municipal del Distrito Central or AMDC) is the city's governing authority. [112][113] 57.9 percent or L.43.860 billion (US$2.318 billion) of the country's national budget is spent within the Central District.[114]. [26] The city is also home to the country's most important public university, the National Autonomous University of Honduras,[27] as well as the national soccer team. [55], After October 1838, following Honduras' independence as a single republic, the capital continued to switch back and forth between Tegucigalpa and Comayagua until October 30, 1880, when Tegucigalpa was declared the permanent capital of Honduras by then-president Marco Aurelio Soto. Honduras The Republic of Honduras is a country in Central America. Freight can be trucked in over the all-weather Inter-Oceanic Highway from Puerto Cortés on the Caribbean coast or San Lorenzo on the Pacific coast. The rainfall also triggered massive landslides around El Berrinche Hill, close to the downtown area. [48], Tegucigalpa was founded by Spanish settlers as Real de Minas de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa on September 29, 1578 on the site of an existing native settlement of the Lenca and Tolupans. [70] There are more than 100 neighborhoods deemed zones of high risk, several of them ruled out as uninhabitable in their entirety. [47], Honduran philologist Alberto de Jesús Membreño [es], in his book Indigenous Toponymies of Central America, states that Tegucigalpa is a Nahuatl word meaning "in the homes of the sharp stones" and rules out the traditional meaning "hills of silver" arguing that Taguzgalpa was the name of the ancient eastern zone of Honduras. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By 1916, the Diocese of Comayagua was relocated and renamed the Diocese of Tegucigalpa, and it was elevated to Archdiocese under Archbishop Santiago María Martínez y Cabanas (1842–1921). The dam clogged the waters of the river and many of the low-lying areas of Comayagüela were submerged; historic buildings located along Calle Real were either completely destroyed or so badly damaged that repair was futile.[81]. There are an additional of 41 villages and 293 hamlets through the Central District Municipality. The area surrounding the city continues to be open woodland supporting pine forest interspersed with some oak, scrub, and grassy clearings as well as needle leaf evergreen and broadleaf deciduous forest. They are not the cheapest form of public transportation for the locals, however. Tegucigalpa Cathedral - The St. Michael the Archangel Cathedral (Spanish: Catedral Metropolitana de San Míguel Arcángel) It is a Catholic church in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. The other two publicly funded institutions are Francisco Morazán National Pedagogic University (UPNFM), founded in 1989, focusing on preparing future educators in several disciplines,[157] and the National Institute of Professional Formation (INFOP), founded in 1972, focusing on economic and social development disciplines. mi) in Central America. [103], The Christian Love Brigade Association arrived in Tegucigalpa in 1971, the Abundant Life Christian Church was founded in 1972, the Cenacle Christian Center of Charismatic Renewal began in 1978 and the Living Love Groups started in 1978. [146] He is the eighth person to serve as mayor of the Central District since local elections were restored in 1986 (prior to 1986, the Central District local government, known as Consejo Metropolitano (Metropolitan Council), was appointed by the President); and this is the ninth elected mayoral term since then and the fourth consecutive elected mayor from the National Party. The mayor of the Central District is Nasry Asfura (PNH)[145] who is serving his second term (2018–2022) after being reelected in 2017. This section of the city is perhaps the best developed and properly urbanized. Tegucigalpa is the capital of Honduras. [170] There is no central bus terminal in the city; in turn, there are several bus stations scattered throughout the city, particularly in Comayagüela, and some of these stations are operated directly by the bus company serving from there. These connect with the city's other major boulevards: Central America Blvd, Suyapa Blvd, European Community Blvd, and Kuwait Blvd—which are essentially limited-access roadways as they have been equipped with interchanges but may lack underpasses or overpasses to bypass crossing surface road traffic. In 1838, Honduras left … Countries with international borders to Honduras are El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua, it shares maritime borders with Belize, Colombia, Cuba, and Mexico. In 2010, the homicide rate in Francisco Morazán was 83.2 (per 100,000 inhabitants) compared to the national average of 86. The Lenca peopleof the interior highlands are also generally con… km). Coxen Hole: The capital of the Bay Islands is Coxen Hole, Roatan's largest city and the first place you'll see—both the boat dock and the airstrip are located in Coxen Hole. Tegucigalpa is the capital of and largest city in Honduras. Tegucigalpa is located on a chain of mountains with elevations of 975 metres (3,199 ft) at its lowest points and 1,463 metres (4,800 ft) at its highest suburban areas. [21] It is situated in a valley, surrounded by mountains. One of the few capitals in the world without a railroad, Tegucigalpa depends largely on the international airport at Toncontín, which, for the most part, is inadequate for the task. Tegucigalpa including its neighbor city Comayagüela serves as the capital for the Republic of Honduras. [53] In 1821, Tegucigalpa legally became a city. The capital is Tegucigalpa (with Comayagüela), but—unlike most other Central American countries—another city, San Pedro Sula, is equally important industrially and commercially, although it has only half the population of the capital. Of the major Central American cities, Tegucigalpa's climate is among the most pleasant due to its high altitude. Tegucigalpa features a more moderate form of a tropical wet and dry climate. Colonias represent relatively recent 20th-century middle class residential suburbs, some known as residenciales for their upper income development, and these are continuously spreading while the barrios are old inner-city neighborhoods. Intense webs of electrical and telephone lines above the streets are a common sight in the capital, and in virtually all Honduran cities, since implementation of underground utility lines has only been adopted in recent years. It is also bordered on the west by two municipalities of the Comayagua Department, Villa de San Antonio[72] and Lamaní, with the latter exactly at the quadripoint where the Central District, Lepaterique, Villa de San Antonio and Lamaní all meet. Caption below print: 'Comayagua, The Capital of Honduras'. As established by the Constitution of Honduras, it serves as national capital and therefore its limits as government seat are not reduced to the urban area formed by Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela but extend to the entire municipality; in turn, the Central District as a whole, is the capital of Honduras. Honduras has a population of 8.5 million people (in 2015). The name of the main town sounds very nice in the translation from the language of the local Indians - "silver hills". [45][46], In Mexico, it is believed the word Tegucigalpa is from the Nahuatl word Tecuztlicallipan, meaning "place of residence of the noble" or Tecuhtzincalpan, meaning "place on the home of the beloved master". Tegucigalpa-Danlí highway) rather the number itself since road signage is scarce. The city’s population growth accelerated in the 1990s, contributing to water shortages, unemployment, and rising crime rates. 85.6 percent of the deaths were committed by firearm and 39 percent were linked to organized crime. Despite a network of major highways, none reach directly into the historic downtown, forcing drivers to rely heavily on surface streets. The city’s principal buildings include the presidential and legislative palaces, the National University of Honduras (1847), and an 18th-century cathedral. These gangs commit all types of crimes against the local population as well as foreigners, including phone call threats. Historically, Comayagüela has remained less developed than the other side of the capital, some citing insufficient contribution from public officials. The crossword clue Capital of Honduras with 11 letters was last seen on the January 01, 1986. Both the city mayor and aldermen are elected to 4-year terms by voters of the Central District. With the construction of Mall Premier and City Mall, the latter to become the largest mall in the country, Comayagüela will be receiving another upgrade. It was established as a gold and silver mining center. Other popular private/bilingual schools include Elvel School (K-11), Dowal School (K-11, secular), La Estancia School (K-11), Shadai School (K-11, Christian), Lycée Franco-Hondurien (K-12, French), Magic Castle Preschool (K), Macris School (E-HS, Catholic), and ABC Educational Center (N-8avo, Christian). To have a better understanding of the city's regions, the metro area of the Central District can essentially be divided, first, into two sections: Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela. During the first millennium, Honduras was inhabited by the Maya. The oldest districts were not built with the advent of the automobile in mind and therefore lack efficient roadways to accommodate the overwhelming number of vehicles. Most of the crime cases are not very well prosecuted and sometimes just discarded, but police enforcement is better in the upper-class neighborhoods and in the tourists parts of the city. Type: Antique wood engraved print Date of printing: 1859. Most public agencies and state-owned companies are headquartered in the capital as well. By 2010, 4.9 percent of the population remained illiterate, compared to the national rate of 15.2 percent. An estimate of 400,000 vehicles take on the city streets and roads every day. National Autonomous University of Honduras, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, Cenacle Christian Center of Charismatic Renewal, National Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Guatemala, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Central American Bank for Economic Integration, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, Pan-American Agricultural School (Zamorano), Central American Technological University, Secretariat of Public Works, Transport and Housing (Honduras), "Enjoy your Tegucigalpa Expat Experience", "Distrito central: Informacion del municipio", "Municipality of Tegucigalpa-Distrito Central section", "Téguz y no Tegus, algo que todos debemos saber…", "1982 Constitution of Honduras-Title I, Chapter I, Article 8", "1982 Constitution of Honduras-Title V, Chapter XI, Article 295", "1936 Constitution of Honduras-Decree No. Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article they were founded as two distinct.. 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