Edward Duke was the first person to associate astronomy with Stonehenge, describing it as a planetarium full of significant astronomical alignments - although he named none. No wonder astronomy has inspired artists and poets through the ages, from ancient Greece to today’s television series. The study of astronomy is vast and encompasses a huge amount of information. Astronomy - Astronomy - History of astronomy: Astronomy was the first natural science to reach a high level of sophistication and predictive ability, which it achieved already in the second half of the 1st millennium bce. 129 B.C. The Egyptians are not an exemption to this. The sky is our window on this universe. Annotated Timeline Dates extend to 2005; those marked "c." are approximate. The sky and its contents are there for all to see on any clear night. Egyptian Astronomy; Having one of the most advanced and affluent cultures, Ancient Egypt has significant contributions to astronomy of today. This chart represents important events in astronomy, like discoveries and inventions that have impacted astronomy through the ages: 2000 B.C. wonderful universe. To them, each star was some form of God or Goddess, or part of one. The Egyptians had no true understanding of the universe, so many myths were created as an explanation for astronomical events. The Revd. Just like in any ancient civilization, the movements and patterns of the sky ignited the creation of myths to explain astronomical events. Ancient Egyptian astronomy was a religious tradition. In astronomy, he made the newtonian telescope and wrote Philosophiae Naturalis Principa Mathematica which laid down the foundation of classic mechanics. Isaac Newton is best known for his contribution to the world of physics. Astronomy, the study of the universe, reveals a cosmos that is vast, varied, and beautiful. On February 19, astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born. According to legend, two Chinese astronomers are executed for not predicting an eclipse and for being drunk as it happened. Copernicus was a scholar who studied mathematics, optics, and canon or church law. Prehistoric Astronomy Fast forward about 10,000 years to the time of the first civilizations, and the earliest astronomers who already figured out how to use the sky. History of Astronomy Ancient civilizations believed their gods lived in the skies, and so early astronomy was often a mix of detailed observations of the celestual heavens and religion. Site Map. At this time, there was the first astronomical observatory/calendar- the Stonehenge. The Stonehenge is located north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. In some cultures, they were priests, priestesses, and other "elites" who studied the movement of celestial bodies to determine rituals, celebrations, and planting cycles. […] The sun was represented by multiple Gods. 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