Naturalized areas. Elliptic to ovate leaves (to 3 1/2" long) sometimes with crenulate margins emerge in spring with bronze tones, mature to a dull dark green in summer and finally turn attractive shades of orange-red to red … It is native primarily to northeastern North America (hence the occasional common name of northern witherod) where it is typically found in low woods, fields, swamps, marshes, pond peripheries and bogs. The fruit, sometimes raw, cooked or dehydrated, is used from Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, and Viburnum trilobum. Occasional insect pests include aphids, borers, nematodes, scale and thrips. The fruit, in some cases raw, cooked or dehydrated, is used from Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, and Viburnum trilobum. Witherod or Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides or V. nudum) The name “wild raisin” describes these small edible berries quite well. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Impressive fruit display, changing from green to white to pink to rose to blue before becoming blue-black in September. Facts. Ask your local nursery or garden center to help you and local wildlife, by selling “paired plants” for those species needing cross-pollination, including our beautiful native viburnums. Numerous fragrant creamy white puffball flowers bloom in late spring followed by masses of small round green berries that turn to pink, red and finally black by autumn. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Other strong fruit producing viburnums include doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum ‘Mariesii’), arrowwood … This plant is worth growing because it's a pretty and very useful little plant. cassinoides: decid shr • ht 5-10' • zones 3-8: withe-rod viburnum. The berries are persistent and add winter interest before the birds gobble them up. Both species are noted for having handsome fruit displays. Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Shrub borders, foundations, hedges or roadside plantings. All rights reserved. It is closely related to Viburnum nudum, and is sometimes designated as V. nudum var. Viburnum cassinoides is commonly called witherod viburnum. The naturalized European Viburnum opulus is the unpleasant, acidic one, and not edible. Wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides) Growing Conditions:. Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum) is a native food plant all along the Eastern United States. The flat-topped, white flower clusters are followed by colorful, green to pink to blue fruit. Plan D: Purchase a cultivar and a straight species viburnum, of the same species, which are in bud or bloom at the same time. Withe (from Old English) means flexible twig and rod means slender shoot or stem. One of the later blooming viburnums with creamy-white, flat-topped flower clusters in late June-early July. Water garden peripheries. The fruit is pulpy, and tastes almost exactly like a raisin. The leaves are use for tea from Viburnum cassinoides and Viburnum setigerum. The berries persist after the leaves drop, and provide a good food source for birds and wildlife. Water garden peripheries. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. Elliptic to ovate leaves (to 3 1/2" long) sometimes with crenulate margins emerge in spring with bronze tones, mature to a dull dark green in summer and finally turn attractive shades of orange-red to red-purple in fall. cassinoides, developed for uniform and compact plants. Evergreen shrub, 6-12 ft (1.8-3.7 m), upright, rounded. Its upright, mounding and outwardly spreading plant habit branches freely. New England Distribution and Conservation Status. It is native primarily to northeastern North America (hence the occasional common name of northern witherod) where it is typically found in low woods, fields, swamps, marshes, pond peripheries and bogs. Withe (from Old English) means flexible twig and rod means slender shoot or stem. Fruit: Fruit Color: Black Blue Green Pink Fruit Value To Gardener: Edible Showy Display/Harvest Time: Fall Fruit Type: Drupe Fruit Description: Light pink to deep pink to blue to purplish-black fruits appear in fall. Occasional insect pests include aphids, borers, nematodes, scale and thrips. native, edible fruit, hedge - screen, wildlife, moist - wet, sun - shade Nfld to NC and MN. It is a product of a planned breeding program with parents of Viburnum nudum var. Flowers pink in bud, open white, in clusters 5-10 cm across, blooms in late winter. The plants thrive in wet shady areas as an understory shrub, and it’s a common food for wild birds. Wildlife Uses:. No serious insect or disease problems. The dark green leaves on this dense, multi-stemmed shrub are toothed and oval in shape, turning an attractive burgundy red in autumn. Characteristics. angustifolium will cross with each other. The fruit quickly change to a deep blue as the glossy, leathery leaves become infused with maroon and red. Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Form: Rounded, Upright or erect. Viburnum cassinoides is an excellent native shrub that is simply beset with an unfortunate array of infinitely forgettable common names. Commonly grows 6-7' but can get larger. Often present as an understory plant in mixed forests, it is common in a wide variety of habitats. For best cross-pollination and subsequent fruit display, plant shrubs in groups rather than as single specimens. Fruit metallic blue, matures to black, ovoid, 6 mm long. Naturalized areas. V. cassinoides is a dense, rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 5- 6' (less frequently to 12') tall. Both species are noted for having handsome fruit displays. A broadly rounded shrub, bearing clusters of small white flowers in late spring or early summer. V. cassinoides is a dense, rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 5- 6' (less frequently to 12') tall. Both species are noted for having handsome fruit displays. Creamy white flowers (3/16" across) in flat-topped clusters (cymes 2-5" wide) bloom in late spring (May-June). The fall foliage is always colorful in shades orange, red and purple. It is variously called Witherod (Withe-rod) Viburnum, Swamp Viburnum, Appalachian Tea Viburnum, Swamp Blackhaw, False Paraguay Tea, and Wild Raisin - all names found in the professional literature. When the plant produces its characteristic berries, all manner … It will grow in moist to wet soils, and will produce fruit if planted near a pollinator. Viburnum cassinoides … Fruit: Fruit Color: Black Blue Green Pink Red/Burgundy Fruit Value To Gardener: Showy Display/Harvest Time: Fall Summer Winter Fruit Type: Drupe Fruit Length: < 1 inch Fruit Width: < 1 inch Fruit Description: Small green fruit turns iridescent pink to red then blue and black sometimes with different colored fruits in the same cluster. Viburnum Winterthur maintains a compact, 6-foot-round, multi-stemmed habit that produces abundant fruit and more intense fall color than the species. For best cross-pollination and subsequent fruit display, plant shrubs in groups rather than as single specimens. Ornamental shrub featuring excellent spring flowers, fall color and fall-winter fruit. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. But V. nudum is very closely allied with V. cassinoides and all of these will cross … Fall color is a breathtaking wine-red to reddish-purple. Its berries shift through shades of green, white, pink, rose and blue. Flowers: Flower Color: This improved selection from Winterthur Gardens in Delaware has glossy tongues of foliage turning red-purple in autumn. A good tree for the fruit and a very nice ornamental. Berries are a not a... Areas of Usage:. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Viburnum cassinoides has clusters … V. cassinoides is a dense, rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 5- 6' (less frequently to 12') tall. Emphasis on the little: it's just 1-2' tall and wide.This is a selection of our native Northern witherod viburnum that fits nicely into residential landscapes. Look for opposite, lustrous, leathery leaves on this lanky shrub with a rounded crown. Elliptic to ovate leaves (to 3 1/2" long) sometimes with crenulate margins emerge in spring with bronze tones, mature to a dull dark green in summer and finally turn attractive shades of orange-red to red-purple in fall. The abundant flowers of Freedom™ Witherod Viburnum are loved by butterflies in summer. Flowers are followed with berries. The first refers to the plant’s flexible branches, while the last three make mention of the shrub’s fruit. Wetland Status. The bluish-black berries, which ripen in late summer or early fall, are sweet and edible. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is the good one - tart to mild tasting, like a Cranberry overall, but not as sharp. This variety is useful as a pollinator for Viburnum … They tend to wrinkle as they ripen, increasing the raisin resemblance. In: Landscape Plants. Flowers are creamy-white, flat-topped cymes in June. Display from August to October. Prune as needed in late fall or early spring. Shrub borders, foundations, hedges or roadside plantings. Viburnum grow best in a medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. The following are selections of Viburnum nudum, a species closely allied to V. cassinoides that some authorities include with the species. V. nudum is primarily native to southeastern North America (hence the occasional common name of southern witherod). The doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Mariesii',) is a medium-sized deciduous shrub (8 to 16 feet in height) that blooms with white flowers from April to May. Attractive black bark adds winter interest. Withe-rod, or Witherod Viburnum, features white flowers with yellow stamens, which bloom June-July. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … They are acidic but edible. Foliage emerges in spring with a bronze or chocolate-purple tint, then glossy dark green. Mass, groups or specimen/accent. For best cross-pollination and subsequent fruit display, plant shrubs in groups rather than as single specimens. Leaves opposite, simple, narrowly ovate to oblong, 4-10 cm long, entire, lustrous dark green above, paler beneath, line on stem connecting petioles. Occasional disease problems include anthracnose, leaf spots and powdery mildew. Flowers are followed by green fruit (5/16" long) that turns pink to red to blue to black in fall (sometimes with two or more colors simultaneously displayed in the same cluster. Viburnum cassinoides has a host of common names, including witherod viburnum, blue haw, swamp haw and wild raisin. Prefers moist loams, but tolerates a wide range of soils including boggy ones. It is closely related to Viburnum nudum, and is sometimes designated as V. nudum var. Flowers are followed by green fruit (5/16" long) that turns pink to red to blue to black in fall (sometimes with two or more colors simultaneously displayed in the same cluster. Rounded white cymes occur in mid-spring. Location of Viburnum cassinoides (Witherod) at the Arboretum Berries provide sharp contrast to the foliage, and will remain on the plant after foliage drop to provide excellent winter interest. 'Count Pulaski' - This open-growing plant offers larger, glossy leaves and wonderful fruit that pass through shades of pink, lavender, blue and black. If late season and autumn berries are desired then planting two of a species will ensure fruit set; for instance, Viburnum dilatatum 'Erie' and V. dilatatum 'Michael Dodge' will pollinate each other and produce fruit; V. nudum 'Winterthur' and V. nudum var. Occasional disease problems include anthracnose, leaf spots and powdery mildew. If you have one of these selections, be sure to plant a compatible selection to insure the best fruit set in your landscape. The fruit is virtually identical. Fruit clusters start white, turning to hot pink and red, and maturing to dark blue. It is native to low woods, swamps and bog areas in Eastern and Southeastern U.S. Prefers moist loams, but tolerates a wide range of soils including boggy ones. V. cassinoides is a dense, rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 5- 6' (less frequently to 12') tall. The leaves are use for tea from Viburnum cassinoides and Viburnum setigerum. Bloom Color: White. The clusters will have all colors appearing at the same time. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). 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2020 viburnum cassinoides fruit